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Building India – INFRASTRUCTURE

APNA GHAR APNI CHHAT – PRADHAN MANTRI AWAS YOJNA

  • To meet the objective of Housing for All by 2022, by 75th years of independence.
  • As against the initial scheme which provided loans of up to Rs 6 lakh at a subsidized rate of 6.5 per cent, now, housing loans of up to Rs 9 lakh and Rs 12 lakh will get interest subvention of 4 per cent and 3 per cent, respectively

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna- Urban (UD)

  • PMAY launched by PM on 25th June 2015
  • Aim is to construct 2 crore affordable houses for the poor in urban areas over the span of seven years span till 2022
  • 2508 cities in 26 states identified for providing affordable houses to the urban poor.
  • 17.68 lakhs houses sanctioned for financing
  • 4.66 lakhs houses built from 2014-17
  • Annually, number of houses built between 2014-17 have almost doubled to 1.55 Lakh per year during 2014-17 as against 80,000 per year during 2004-14

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna – Gramin (RD)

  • Launched by the Prime Minister at Agra on 20th November,2016.
  • To provide financial assistance for construction of pucca house to all houseless and households living in dilapidated houses.
  • Aim is to construct 1 crore affordable houses for the poor in rural areas over the next three years by March 2019.

Smart City Mission (UD)

  • Launched on 25thJune, 2015.
  • Innovation and meritocracy in the project by inviting cities to participate in an open competition, instead of handpicking them opaquely
  • Total Winning Proposals: 60
  • Total Urban Population Impacted – 7.2 Cr
  • About 150 projects in 20 cities with an investment of about Rs. 1,600 cr are close to completion.

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Rurban Mission (RD)

  • Launched by Prime Minister at Rajnand Gaon of Chhattisgarh on 21st February, 2016.
  • Aim is to reduce migration, rural –urban divide and stimulate skill development.
  • 300 RURBAN Clusters to be developed with an investment of Rs 5,100 crore in three years.
  • 100 clusters to be taken up this year.

VILLAGE ROADS- PRADAHAN MANTRI GRAM SADAK YOJANA

  • 110 km of roads constructed per day during 2014-17 against the average of 73.5 km during 2011 to 2014 under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana,
  • Target of connecting the remaining 14,141 habitations advanced from 2022 to 2019
  • Construction of 73,727 km of roads to be done.
  • 4,113 kms of roads constructed in 2016-17 using “Green Technologies”  in 2016-17,  2634 kms during 2014-16 and 807 kms giving 2000-14.
  • “Meri Sadak” mobile app bringing in transparency and citizen engagement in registering of complaints regarding quality of construction and pace of construction.
  • 21 States have notified and have started operationalizing a “Rural Roads Maintenance Policy”.

ROADS & HIGHWAYS   

  • Target of road construction substantially enhanced. The target is to construct 40 km of highways per day.
  • Highest ever budget allocation for roads.

Budget allocation for National Highways increased from Rs 57,976 crores in BE 2016-17 to Rs 64,900 crores in 2017-18. Total Budget Allocation between 2011-2014 was Rs 94205.90 Crore. This rose to Rs219166.37 Crore between 2014-17

  • Total length of roads, including those under PMGSY, built from 2014-15 till the current year is about 1,40,000kms which is significantly higher than previous three years
  • National Highway Network expanded from 91287 km in 2013-14 to 97991 Km in 2014-15to 101010 Km in 2015-16 to 114158kms in 2016-17
  • India’s highest ever number of new Highway kilometers awarded in 2016-17
  • Number of Highways Kilometers awarded went up from 14879 Kms in 2011-14 to 34103 Kms. In 2014-17
  • Total Length of roads constructed has gone up from 15005 between 2011-14 to 18704 Kms. Between 2014-17.
  • India’s Longest Road Tunnel in Jammu opens for public.
  • India’s longest river bridge, the 9.15 km Dhola Sadiya bridge over River Brahmaputra in  Assam opens for the public
  • 6 lane cable stayed bridge over River Chambal at Kota opens for traffic
  • Rate of construction: 28 kms per day as   against 12 kms per day in 2013-14
  • Monetization of Highways – TOT has begun with the first bundle of auction for 9 NH by NHAI

New Initiatives, Bharatmala: A new umbrella program for the highways sector that focuses on optimizing efficiency of road traffic movement across the country by bridging critical infrastructure gaps. A total of around 24,800 kms are being considered in Phase I of Bharatmala. In addition this also includes 10,000 kms of balance road works under NHDP.  Estimated cost is  Rs.5,35,000 crore for  Bharatmala Phase I which  is to be implemented over 2017-18 to 2021-22. The major components of the programme are Economic Corridors- 9000 km, Inter-corridor & Feeder Roads- 6000 km,  improving efficiency of National Corridors by building flyovers, ring roads, logistics parks and clearing congestion points – 5000 km ;  Border & International Connectivity Roads- 2000 km, Coastal & Port Connectivity Roads- 2000 km  and Expressways- 800 km

  • Setu Bharatam – program for building bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways.  The aim is to make National Highways free of railway level crossings by 2019 by building 208 Railway Over Bridges/ Under Passes across 19 states
  • Indian Bridge Management System (IBMS) has been set up to inventorize bridges and rate their structural condition so that timely repair and rehabilitation work can be carried out based on the criticality of the structure. 1500 old and worn down bridges are to be improved by replacement/widening/strengthening. Over 1,55,027 bridges have been inventoried so far.
  • Char Dham Mahamarg Vikas Pariyojna – Developing 900 km of National Highways in Uttarakhand for improving connectivity to the Char Dham pilgrimage centers in the Himalayas.
  • ETolling: Over 6 lakh FASTags issued till March 2017. Mobile Apps MyFASTag and FASTag Partner launched  tofacilitate the availability of FASTags.
  • Motor Vehicle Amendment Bill 2016 passed by Lok Sabha. It addresses road safety issues and paves way for reforms in public transport to improve road safety.
  • BS IV Compliance for 4 wheelers- from 1st April 2017.
  • BS –VI Norms to be advanced to 1 st April 2020 instead of the earlier target date of April 2021, bypassing BSV norms

National Green Highways Project – aims to develop eco-friendly National Highways  with  the participation of community, farmers, NGOs and private sector. National Highways Authority of India has planted 2.59 lakh plants in last one year.

Wayside Amenities – NHAI  has started the process of developing wayside amenities at land acquired at 183 locations along national highways.  The amenities will provide rest and refreshment for highway commuters during their journey. The sites will be called HIGHWAY VILLAGE and HIGHWAY NEST.

Passenger bus service between India and Bangladesh- Bus services on Guwahati-Shillong-Dhaka route and Kolkata- Agartala via Dhaka route flagged off by Prime Ministers of both  countries at Dhaka on 06. June 2015

RAILWAYS

  • New Metro rail projects for Nagpur, Lucknow, Ahmedabad
  • Modernization of 400 major stations.
  • Redevelopment of railway stations on ‘as is where is’ basis- 7 station already being redeveloped Habibganj (Bhopal), AnandVihar (Delhi), Bijwasan (Delhi), Shivajinagar (Pune), Chandigharh, Surat and Gandhi Nagar.
  • 12 New Rail project worth Rs.26831 Crore approved for completion by 2018-20.
  • Wi-Fi on railway stations, passenger helpline, security helpline, paperless unreserved ticketing, e catering, mobile security app and CCTV cameras for safety of women etc.
  • Wi-Fi launched at 74 stations with a plan to extend it to 100 Stations and to 400 stations by 2018
  • 100% FDI allowed in Railways
  • First Bullet Train in the country on the Mumbai-Ahmadabad route as part of the Diamond Quadrilateral Network of High Speed Rail
  • Formation of Joint Venture Companies with State Governments to mobilize resources for undertaking various rail infrastructure projects in the State
  • Electric and Diesel locomotive factories at Madhepura and Marhowara in Bihar
  • North East connectivity – Meghalaya on rail network, Mizoram on broad gauge network
  • Average achievement – 7Km/day in 15-16 vs 4.3 km/day in last 6 years
  • 2015-16 investment – double the average of previous 5 years
  • Employed a first-of-its-kind, real time 24×7 public grievance system through Twitter and provided medical, security and other emergency assistance to travelling passengers
  • Preventing agents from booking tickets in bulk
  • Wifi launched at 74 stations with a plan to extend it to 100 Stations and to 400 stations by 2018
  • Clean My Coach” service launched for cleaning requirements in the coach, by sending SMS to  58888 or booking through app
  • Ticket Booking gets easier:Online ticket booking capacity enhanced more than 7 times from 2,000 to 15,000 per minute.
  • Freight by train: Transporting freight by train is cheaper than doing it by road. 2 Dedicated Freight Corridors to be commissioned by 2019

AIRPORTS

  • UDAN: Udey Desh ka Aam Nagrik launched on 21 October 2016 under New Civil Aviation Policy
  • Connectivity for 33 Un served and 12 Underserved airports
  • On 27 th April, 2017 Hon’ble PM flagged off the first UDAN flight under RCS on Shimla-Delhi sector. Simultaneously Hon’ble PM also flagged off the inaugural UDAN flights on Kadapa – Hyderabad and Nanded-Hyderabad sectors through video-link.·
  • Flight Journey has become easier and Cheaper
  • Airports at Bhopal, Indore and Raipur to be declared international airports.
  • Major Airports i.e. IGI Delhi, Kochi and Hyderabad powered by solar energy

WATER WAYS

  • Central Legislation to declare 106 additional inland waterways as national waterways
  • Only 5 National Waterways in last 30 years. Cheap, fuel efficient and eco-friendly cargo/passenger movement. Reduce congestion in road and rail traffic.
  • Jal Marg Vikas Project between Allahabad and Haldia to cover a distance of 1620 kms, which would enable commercial navigation of at least 1500 ton vessels. This includes Construction of the Multimodal Terminal at Varanasi, Sahibganj and Haldia, new navigational lock at Farakka and provision of Least Assured Depth on the Farakka-Bhagalpur stretch.

SHIPPING

  • Modernization of existing ports and developing  new ports
  • Major Ports showing consistent growth over past three years . Register growth of   3.24% during April-September, 2017
  • New Port Projects: Sagar Port (West Bengal), Colachel Port, (Tamil Nadu), Dahanu  Port at Wadhawan in Maharashtra and Dugarajpatnam port
  • India to develop Chabahar port in Iran and make Strategic investment :Loanof US$ 150 million.
  • Sagar Mala project: A strategic and customer-oriented initiative of the Government to modernize Indian ports and promote port led development in the country. More than 400 projects identified, at an investment of Rs. 7 lakh crore. 12 projects taken up in 2014-15 in areas of port modernization, port connectivity, coastal community development and lighthouse tourism development at the cost of Rs.870 crores.
  • 43% increase in operating profits of the ports.
  • Turnaround of Shipping Corporation of India from a loss of Rs.349 crores in 2013-14 to profit of Rs.276 in 2014-15 and Rs.437 crore in 2015-16 till Q3.
  • Promoting Ship building and Ship Repair- from 2025 only India- made ships for government purpose.
  • NavIC (Navigation Indian Constellation) With the successful launch of IRNSS-1G, India joins the elite list of countries with their own satellite navigation system
  • Coastal Shipping getting a boost under Sagarmala Coastal Berth Scheme
  • PM launched RoRo service between Ghoga – Dahej in Gujarat
  • Coastal shipment of steel from Vizag port and trucks from Channai port begin. This     will  bring down logistics cost and reduce pollution. etc.

Cochin Shipyard was listed in Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange on 11 August 2017. The company has raised Rs 1442crores from the IPO which has been a combination of fresh issue and offer for sale in the ratio of 2:1. The IPO was oversubscribed by over 75 times with more than Rs 1.11 lakh crore being raised against the offer of Rs 1442crores.

Written by Youth Darpan

An Leading Online News And Community Writing Platform. Founder and CEO, Mr. Trilok Singh.

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