The pomp and ceremony of the Nobel prize ceremonies have been reined in this year amid measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus.
There will be no glitzy banquet honouring winners in Stockholm or Oslo as the global pandemic curtails the usual celebrations.
Instead, their achievements will be recognised and rewarded at low-key ceremonies where they live and work in Europe and the United States.
Twelve laureates were named in 2020. A Nobel prize comes with a 10-million krona ($1.1 million) cash award — to be shared in some cases — diplomas and gold medals.
Traditionally, the lavish Nobel ceremonies are held on December 10, the anniversary of the death of prize founder Alfred Nobel, at an ornate city hall in Stockholm for all but the Peace Prize that is held in Oslo in neighbouring Norway.
Nobel wanted it that way, for reasons that he kept to himself.
The first of the prizes was awarded on Sunday to literature prize winner American poet Louise Gluck during a ceremony in her garden.
“It was such an honour and a true pleasure to present the Nobel Prize in Literature to Louise Gluck in her own garden, now peacefully resting for the winter and reminding us of her poems,” said Annika Rembe, Sweden”s envoy in New York, of the event.
Gluck was awarded the prestigious prize “for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal”.
Gluck said in her acceptance speech that it “was a surprise to me on the morning of October 8th to feel the sort of panic I have been describing. The light was too bright. The scale too vast”.
“Those of us who write books presumably wish to reach many. But some poets do not see reaching many in spatial terms, as in the filled auditorium. They see reaching many temporally, sequentially, many over time, into the future, but in some profound way these readers always come singly, one by one,” she wrote.
The 2020 Nobel prizes were announced in October. The prize for physiology and medicine was awarded to Harvey J Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M Rice “for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus”. The prize for physics honoured Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez for their breakthroughs in understanding black holes, while the chemistry prize went to Emanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A Doudna for a powerful gene-editing tool.
The World Food Programme won the peace prize for efforts to combat hunger. But the award ceremonies have been dialled down this year. After Gluck, Charpentier of France was to receive her medal and diploma from the Swedish ambassador in Berlin later Monday.
Throughout the week, the others will get their medals and diplomas. Penrose, a British scientist, will be awarded in London by Sweden”s envoy to the United Kingdom while German scientist Genzel will be honoured at the Bavarian State Chancellery in Munich, in southern Germany.
Moving across the Atlantic, Alter will get his award at the National Institutes of Health in Washington DC from Sweden”s ambassador to the United States. The Scandinavian country”s Consul General in New York, will hand it over to Rice.
On Wednesday, Sweden”s Honourary Consul in San Francisco, California, will present them to Ghez, Doudna, and Paul R Milgrom and Robert B Wilson, who won the Nobel prize for economics for helping make auctions run more efficiently.
On Friday, the Peace Prize will be awarded virtually with a presentation in Oslo by the head of the Norwegian Nobel Committee and a ceremonial presentation and an acceptance speech in Rome, Italy, by David Beasley, head of the United Nations World Food Programme.
In Stockholm on the same day, a webcast ceremony will be held and King Carl XVI Gustaf is expected to hold a speech.
It has not yet been announced when Houghton will receive his diploma and medal.