Rapidly Increasing Pollution in the Country, Ministry of Environment and Forests

“The methodology for assessment of pollution in various parts of world is not same. Countries can be ranked on the basis of different criteria pollutants with different results. As such it is difficult to compare different countries since they differ in their various characteristics.

The measures for abatement of pollution are taken under the provisions of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and rules made thereunder. Noise pollution is regulated under Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules, 2000 notified under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The Government has laid down National Ambient Air Quality standards and has notified 115 emission / effluent standards for different sectors of industries besides 32 general standards for ambient air, noise and water discharge. Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules has been notified and comprehensive amendments to various Waste Management Rules including Municipal Solid Waste, Plastic Waste, Hazardous Waste, Bio-medical Waste and Electronic Waste have been made for control of pollution in cities.

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Directions have been issued for effective management of solid waste and municipal sewage to 184 towns. Government of India is implementing Swachh Bharat Abhiyan which covers solid waste. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has issued a comprehensive set of directions under section 18 (1) (b) of Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1986 for implementation of 42 measures to mitigate air pollution in major cities. The State Pollution Control Boards have initiated steps towards implementation of these directions. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in association with State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) / Pollution Control Committees (PCCs) is monitoring air, noise and water quality across the country under National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP), National Ambient Noise Programme (NANP) and National Water Quality Monitoring Programme (NWMP)”.

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This information was given by Minister of State for Environment Forest and Climate Change Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.

Smog Due to Stubble Burning

“The steps taken by Central Government, CPCB and SPCB include banning of stubble burning, mass awareness programmes, constitution of a Task Force to suggest remedial measures for crop residue burning, including both in-situ options such as use of innovative farm implements like Happy Seeder, Straw Management system, Bio-char, Prali-char, etc., and ex-situ options like biomass based power plants, co-firing with coal in thermal plants etc.

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As informed by CPCB, total number of stubble burning cases reported in Haryana during Kharif season in 2017 is 12, 606 out of which 236 FIR have been lodged and Rs.39,85,000/- collected as fines for 1, 493 cases. As per Satellite data received from Punjab Remote Sensing Centre, total no of stubble burning cases reported during Kharif Season in Punjab in 2017 is 42, 337”.

This information was given by Minister of State for Environment Forest and Climate Change Dr. Mahesh Sharma in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha today.

Credit: Ministry of Environment and Forests.

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