On Sep 11, 2017; Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh observed that a permanent solution to the J&K issue is based on five (5) ‘C’s – Compassion, Communication, Coexistence, Confidence building and Consistency (5’C’s). Just wait for some more time. Yes now we can say that, Pakistan will forced to stop firing. If a single bullet is fired from Pakistan, then India should not count the bullets fired in retaliation. India is not a weak nation now. It has emerged as a powerful country and No one in the world now considers India as a weak nation.

Rajnath Singh unveils 5Cs of Policy restore peace in the State, Addressing the BSF Jawan, Singh said “I know you are working in extremely challenging conditions. I’m sure you have joined the forces due to love for this Country,”. Earlier addressing a press conference in Srinagar, the Union Home Minister said the government will find the permanent solution to the problems in J&K based “on the five Cs”. He also said that center will undertake special Tourism drive for Kashmir.

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Moreover, When we spoke of a permanent solution (to the Kashmir issue), many assumptions were made. What does this permanent solution mean? I want to tell you. Our permanent solution is based on ‘five Cs’. So with the same light Our effort is that the people of J&K should get honour & dignity together with peaceful environment which may called in upcoming days ‘Terror Free Environment’. We will work for that and also asked about the central government’s stand on the special constitutional position of J&K and the controversy surrounding Article 35-A…

Union Home Minister gives assurance on Article 35A to people of J&K, lists 5Cs for solution. On September 11, 2017.

Furthermore, the situation in the Valley had improved but underlined that anti-militancy operations would continue. The situation is far better than earlier. Yes, Conditions are improving everyday. I will not claim that the situation is under control but I will say with confidence that these are getting better. Never, Militants will not be welcomed. Whosoever is a militant, a terrorist, he will get a befitting response,”.


China claims it merely a ‘logistics Facility’ at the coast of Africa, but it throws a suspicion on the intentions of china across the world as well as its security implications on India. In a bid to rapidly expand its military reach across Indian Ocean and in Africa, China has recently deployed its military personnel to its first overseas base in ‘DJIBOUTI’.

YES DJIBOUTI, It is located on the Bad-el-Mandeb strait, which provides southern entrance to the ‘Red Sea’ on the route to ‘Suez Canel’. Further, the significance of Suez Canel, as the World’s busiest trade route and shipping lane, increases the strategic importance of the same.

However, Due to above significance and so called major superpowers such as US, Japan, France etc. always vie for military bases in Dijibouti  to have control on oil trade route. It also offers best locations due to relatively stable political scenario to deal with unrest in Somalia and Yemen, region of sea-piracy and Islamic militants with global ramification. It also provides access to other African nations as it has relatively developed infrastructure and well connected roads with the capitals of neighbouring countries such as Ethiopia.

India, China and US

This region will witness power play between three major powers. China and India are the powers in the region. And the third player will be the USA. India and China are the two fast growing economies in the region. Both nurture big power ambitions. Both compete for the same resources. Hence competition is imminent between the two.

China, with its bigger financial and military muscle, is seemingly ahead of India in the region today. It is in the driver seat of many new transnational trade alliances like AIIB, BRICS and the recent Regional Comprehensive Economic Cooperation (RCEP) alliance. It is aggressively pursuing ambitious infrastructure projects like Belt and Road, Maritime Silk Route etc. It’s efforts to emerge as the leading naval power in the region seem to be coming to fruition. In no time it has built a formidable navy with over 300 vessels of various sizes.


In the context of India’s Concern, Chinese millions in investment is reshaping the region and forcing India to rethink relations with its neighbors. Encircling India, China is expanding its sphere of regional influence by surrounding India with a “String of pearls” that could eventually undermine India’s pre-eminence and potentially rise to an economic and security threat.

String of pearls are a set of strategic ports in the Indian Ocean built by china. This strategy seems to encircle India, to curtail its influence in its neighbourhood. Some of Foreign Minister told me that CHINA also wants a membership in SAARC and they may PULL OWN POPULATION IN INDIA TOO. So, with the same light we need to look back again in our Foreign Policy and revised the NIA (National investigation Agency) reports.

Increase military strength, India fears that military presence in Hambantota port may give China a strategic depth in Indian Ocean and will put India on a disadvantageous Positions.

The establishment of an active Chinese naval base would act as a deterrent to pirate attacks on the crucial trade routes between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. The base will ensure China’s strategic interest in Africa. It can protected its interest and keep an eye in East and North Africa. Further, the base will also insure China’s performance of mission, such as escorting, peace-keeping and humanitarian aid in Africa and West Asia, thereby, may helping it to expand its ability to ensure global peace and Security.

Significantly, above will help China to increase its foothold in Africa, Middle-east as well as, in the Indian Ocean, thereby, helping its Image as a global superpower. Yes, China is looking to generate goodwill and influence in the Indian Ocean countries by investing in projects such ports, roads and railways to increase its overall role..

Read Also, BRICS Leaders Xiamen Declaration Xiamen, China, 4 September 2017


Impact on World

It will significantly challenge U.S. Interest in the region, the Chinese base in the northern Obock region (Djibouti) might eclipse smaller US bases here. Moreover, Control of trade route and oil route through this establishment affects the interest of major European power. In situation of crisis, China can significantly control the route. So, Increasing strategic foothold of China in Africa will increase competitiveness for resources among superpowers in North and East Africa. It will allow China to significantly control its South-east Asian nations including Japan, with which it has disputes over South China Sea.

Impact on India

String of Pearls: Djibouti’s location in the Indian Ocean’s north-western edge could potentially become another tools of China’s ‘String of pearls’ aiming to encircle India and Restricting India’s sphere of Influence too. Because India Ocean is also considered as India’s sphere of Influence, however, with this military base, China will further erode India’s sphere of influence in the region.

Read Also, PM’s intervention at the BRICS Plenary Session September 4, 2017

With the increasing presence of China, the role for Indian Navy in providing security to the nations against sea crimes such as piracy, smuggling, and human trafficking will decrease and hence India will Lose goodwill and influence.


Read Also, An Overview of G20 Summit 2017

The G20 decided to assume responsibility in areas that affect global peace and security, as well as economic development. It emphasized to strengthen cooperation and global partnerships across all borders through various measures. The G20 meetings in Germany reflected on emerging global context, such as, rising protectionism; digitization and automation; cyber security; increasing migration; decentralized and dispersed terrorism.

Read Also, Why Are People In Hamburg Protesting The G20 Summit?

The tension was somewhat defused in Germany where PM Narendra Modi met Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines the G-20 summit. Despite China stating aggressively that there would be no bilateral meeting-India retaliated that it hadn’t asked for one – the leaders talked informally at a session of BRICS which groups the economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.

MALABAR DRILL, The annual naval exercise named “Malabar” involving India, US and Japan as permanent partners was conducted in Bay of Bengal in the backdrop of recent standoff with China at Dokalam.

Read Also, Malabar Exercise 2017 : India, US, Japan Ready For Joint Maritime Security Exercise

Nations need to constantly evaluate and re-evaluate their preferences in the international arena and strategise. There is no place for romanticism in diplomacy. It has to be cold-blooded and utterly pragmatic. Pragmatism, not romanticism, demands that we talk about the Indian Ocean region more. India’s foreign policy has long been tilted westward. Time we turned eastward… 21st Century politics is going to be markedly different from the previous century. The global power axis has today shifted away from the Pacific-Atlantic region to the Indo-Pacific region. That brings tectonic shifts in world politics. Many institutions will become irrelevant…

Despite all of this, J&K Visit : Rajnath Singh, who met about 55 delegations of civil society and representatives of political parties, said he was “willing to talk to any stakeholders’’. I have come with an open mind. I am willing to talk to anyone. I am inviting everyone who is willing to help us in resolving problems of Kashmir. While, The three countries are concerned about China’s claims to almost all of the waters and the South China Sea, and more broadly, its expanding military presence across the region. China had recently docked one of its submarines in the Sri Lankan Waters and sent several submarines in the Indian ocean Region to have a check on the ongoing activities by India and its allies.. The Government of India has approved intelligence wing for Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) to check increased infiltration and criminal activity along Indo-Nepal border too. We hope for the best…