CLEAN INDIA- GREEN INDIA/Swachch Bharat- Harit Bharat
With an aim to provide sanitation facilities to every family including toilets, solid and liquid waste system, village cleanliness and safe and adequate drinking water supply the corporation has promoted and commercialised technologies relating to low cost toilets, safe and community based drinking water system, water filters, chlorine tablets etc.
SWACHH SWASTH SARVATRA
Swachh Swasth Sarvatra is a joint initiative of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation launched on 29 December, 2016. Through this scheme CHCs in ODF Block supported under NHM to achieve Kayakalp certification, Gram Panchayat of Kayakalp PHC prioritized to become ODF and Training in WASH of CHC/PHC nominees. As part of it:
- MOHFW will provide a grant of Rs. 10 lakhs to ensure that their Community Health Centre (CHC) achieves High Quality benchmarks of sanitation, hygiene and infection control with a minimum score of 70 under the Kayakalp assessment.
- During 2017-18, the CHCs located in or catering to population in the 700 blocks that have been declared ODF and Gram Panchayats/Nagar Panchayats within which the Kayakalp PHCs (one each in 670 districts) are located will be covered
- The envisaged activities will culminate in a process of certification by the end of the financial year. Such CHCs and PHCs would be designated as SwachhRatna CHC and SwachhRatna PHC.
SWACHCH BHARAT ABHIYAN (UD, RD)
- India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive launched by the Prime Minister on Gandhi Jayanti, 2nd October 2014 at Rajghat in New Delhi.
- PM urges everyone to devote 100 hours every year that is two hours every week towards cleanliness.
- Campaign aimed at the Mission Clean India by 2nd October 2019 to coincide with the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi
- More than 3 Crore toilets constructed
- Sanitation coverage which was 42% previously has become 60%
- Open Defecation Free (ODF) States: Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala
- Urban Areas of Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat and Sikkim declared ODF.
Swachch Bharat Gramin:
- Over 3.6 crore household toilets constructed since the launch of the Mission
- 1,74,557 villages, 118 districts and 3 States declared ODF
- Incentive for individual toilet has been increased to Rs. 12,000.
- 80 lakh toilets constructed from 2.10.2014 to 2.10.2015 against expected 60 lakhs.
- Against the yearly target of 50 lakhs for individual latrines for the year 2014-15, 58,54,987 latrines were constructed, which is achievement of 117% of the target.
- 45.59 lakh and 49.76 lakh toilets were constructed in 2012-13 and 2013-14 respectively. On the other hand, in the first two years of NDA Government, 58.54 lakh and 97.73 lakh toilets constructed in 2014-15 and in 2015-16 (upto 29.2.2015).
- 100 Swachh Iconic Places (SIP) of historical and cultural significance will attain the highest levels of Swachhta as per global standards. 20 of these have been selected in Phase1 and Phase 2.
- 4300 villages along the banks of River Ganges across 52 districts in 5 States will be Open Defecation Free, ODF by May, 2017. Out of 4300 villages, 3300 constituting 76 percent are already ODF.
Swachch Bharat Urban:
- 31 lakhs individual household toilets constructed so far; 18.50 lakh more under construction
- 1.25 lakh Community and Public Toilet seats constructed
- 39,995 out of total 81,015 urban wards covered under 100% Door to Door collection of solid waste
- Waste processing increased to 21.51% from 18% in 2014
- Waste to Compost conversion increased to 13.13 lakh tons/year from 1.50 lakh tons per year in 2014
- 614 cities have been so far declared Open Defecation Free after due verification
- All cities of Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat declared ODF
- Target was fully achieved with 4.17 lakh toilets added to 2.61 lakh government elementary and secondary schools from 15.8.2014 to 15.8.2015.
- 13.77 crore children in 11.21 lakh government schools all over the country now have access to toilet facilities
SWACHCH BHARAT KOSH (Finance)
- To improve the cleanliness levels in rural and urban areas, priority to girl toilets in schools.
- Purpose: Construction of new toilets and repair and renovation of dysfunctional toilets in villages, towns, government schools and aanganwaadis.
- Fund also used for constructing water lines to the toilets, training and skill development to maintain hygiene in the toilets and other activities to improve sanitation.
- Rs 365 crore; used for school toilets & renovation of defunct toilets
SWACHH BHARAT CESS (Finance)
- Contribution to the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan in the form of Swachh Bharat Cess
RURAL DRINKING WATER SUPPLY (MoDWS)
- Rural drinking water supply coverage – No. of fully covered habitations increased from 73.66% as on 1.4.14 to 77.01% (As on 28.2.17)
- 2,67,057 habitations covered from 2014-2017 (As on 28.02.17)
- 55 percent of the rural population have access to tap water
- Clean Water to Arsenic and Fluoride affected 28000 habitations by 2020
NAMAMI GANGE (MoWS& GR)
- Ambitious Ganga Rejuvenation Program ‘NamaamiGange’ launched for cleaning of Ganga.
- The Union Cabinet approved the budget outlay of Rs 20,000 crore for NamamiGange programme in 2015.
- NamamiGange is an integrated conservation programme with the aim to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
- NMCG which was registered as a society in 2011 was reconstituted as an Authority on 7th October 2016. It is now empowered with regulatory powers under Environment Protection Act, 1986 and higher financial powers.
- Under NamamiGange programme, 100% funds being provided by the central government.
- Under NamamiGange programme, a total of 184 projects worth Rs. 15856.67 crore have been sanctioned for various activities such as sewage infrastructure, ghats & crematoria development, river front development, river surface cleaning, institutional development, biodiversity conservation, afforestation, rural sanitation, and public participation.
- Within a year of reconstitution of NMCG as an Authority (7th October 2016 to 7th October 2017), 44 projects worth Rs 7,547.87 crore were approved by the Executive Committee. These projects pertain to creation of adequate sewage treatment capacities in Ganga basin States – Uttarakhand (17), Uttar Pradesh (10), Bihar (11), Jharkhand (1), West Bengal (3) and Delhi (2).
- Total STP capacity of 1402.26 MLD will be created with the approval of these projects and sewer network length of 1429.24 km will be laid down.
- In a paradigm shift in sewage sector, works on two STP projects (50 MLD in Varanasi and 82 MLD in Haridwar) have been started under Hybrid Annuity PPP mode (HAM). Other projects sanctioned under HAM are Naini, Jhusi, Phaphamau, Unnao, Shuklaganj and Farrukhabad in Uttar Pradesh, Digha, Kankarbagh and Bhagalpur in Bihar, Howrah, Bally and Tolly’s Nallah in Kolkata.
- For abatement of industrial pollution, survey of all 1109 Grossly Polluting Industries (GPIs) was conducted. Out of 1109 GPIs, 333 were closed and closure notices were given to non-complying GPIs.
- For River Front Development, works at 111 ghats and 46 crematoria are in progress and expected to be completed by 2018.
- For river surface cleaning, 11 trash skimmers have been deployed at Haridwar, GarhMukhteshwar, Kanpur, Varanasi, Allahabad, Patna, Sahibganj, Nabadwip, Kolkata, Delhi and Mathura-Vrindavan.
- On rural sanitation front, all 4464 villages on the bank of river Ganga have been made Open Defecation Free (ODF) and 12, 74, 421 Individual Household Toilets have been constructed.
GREEN INDIA (MoEF)
- All Environment Clearances made online.
- National Air Quality Index launched on 6th April, 2015 to monitor the quality of air in major urban centres across the country on a real-time basis.
- Waste Management rules notified
UJALA (Unnat Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All), as on 02.11.17
- UnnatJyoti by Affordable LEDs for All. LED bulb distribution under domestic efficient lighting program in Delhilaunched on 5 January 2015
- 27.25 crore LED Bulbs distributed
- 35,400 Million units of electricity saved per year
- To help government to save Rs 14,160 crores per year
- Reduction in Carbon Dioxide Emission up to 28.67 MT/year
- Procurement price of LED bulbs dropped significantly due to aggregation of demand from Rs. 310 (Jan. 2014) to Rs. 38.58 (July. 2017).
INITIATIVE FOR ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION (MoEF)
- India declares its INDCs in the run to COP-21 at Paris in December 2015.
- No. Of Tigers increased by 30% over the last count. 2014 census shows 2226 tigers.
Related, Young India-Vibrant India